On October 15, 2021, the East St. Louis Branch NAACP, the Illinois State Conference of the NAACP, and the United Congress of Community and Religious Organizations filed a federal lawsuit against the Illinois State Board of Elections, its members, and state legislative leaders, challenging several districts within Illinois's enacted state House redistricting plan as violating the U.S. Constitution and the federal Voting Rights Act. The plaintiffs' complaint centers around Illinois House Districts (HDs) 112, 113, and 114, wherein the plaintiffs assert African-American populations were shuffled around to make other districts safer for their white incumbent legislators at the expense of minority voters' ability to elect their candidates of choice. Specifically, plaintiffs allege that all three House Districts are racial gerrymanders in violation of the 14th and 15th Amendment because the General Assembly's line drawing decisions were based predominantly on racial considerations, and that all three districts also violate Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act because their new configurations have the effect of diluting the voting strength of African-Americans residing in therein. The plaintiffs are seeking a judicial declaration that HDs 112, 113 and 114 are unconstitutional and unlawful, an injunction barring the defendants from implementing or using the plan in any future elections, and for the court to cause a new, valid redistricting plan to be enacted.
U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division - No. 1:21-cv-5512