On March 16, 2022, a coalition of non-profit organizations and Utah voters filed a lawsuit against the Utah State Legislature, the Utah Legislative Redistricting Committee, the state's Lieutenant Governor, and various state legislators challenging the state's enacted congressional redistricting plan as an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander. Plaintiffs allege the plan was designed to disproportionately favor Republicans and disfavor Democrats in violation of the Utah Constitution's Free Elections Clause (art. I, Section 17), Equal Protection rights (art. I, Sections 2 and 24), Free Speech and Association rights (art. I, Sections 1 and 15), and voting rights protections (art. IV, Section 2). Additionally, plaintiffs assert that the state legislature violated the Utah Constitution's citizen lawmaking authority under article I, Section 2 and article VI, Section 1 by repealing the redistricting reforms enacted via ballot initiative "Proposition 4," which included the transfer of redistricting authority to an independent commission and mandatory anti-gerrymandering redistricting standards. They are seeking a judicial declaration that the enacted plan is unconstitutional and the legislature's repeal of Proposition 4 exceeded their constitutional authority, an injunction barring the defendants from using the plan in the 2024 primary and election elections and barring the enforcement of the act which repealed Proposition 4, and a court order establishing a deadline for the state to enact a constitutional plan or for the court to impose one in the event the state fails to do so in a timely manner.
Utah District Court, Salt Lake County