On February 19, 2021, several Minnesota voters filed a lawsuit in state court against various state election officials, challenging the constitutionality of Minnesota's congressional and legislative districts. The plaintiffs' suit alleges that Minnesota's present congressional and legislative districts, which were established by court order in 2012 following a state lawsuit, have come to have unequal populations due to significant population shifts throughout the state, and therefore the districts violate the equal population requirements for congressional districts under Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution and for legislative districts under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. The plaintiffs further claim that the current and anticipated failure of the Minnesota legislature to equalize their populations violates their constitutional and statutory duty to redistrict the state and will lead to the holding of 2022 elections using these malapportioned districts, thereby violating Minnesota voters' constitutional right to equal representation. The plaintiffs are seeking declaratory relief that the state's current congressional and legislative districts are unconstitutional and injunctive relief barring the state officials from conducting primary or general elections until the districts are redrawn to comply with equal population requirements.

On March 22, 2021, the Minnesota Supreme Court granted the plaintiffs' request for the appointment of a special redistricting panel, but ordered that the case be stayed until it is determined that the judicial branch would have to intervene to assure valid redistricting plans are in place for the 2022 state legislative and congressional elections.

Related Case: Sachs v. Simon


Minnesota District Court, Carver County - No. 10-cv-21-127

Minnesota Supreme Court - No. A21-0243 [together with Sachs v. Simon, No. A21-0546]