On February 19, 2021 several Minnesota voters filed a lawsuit in state court against various state election officials challenging the constitutionality of Minnesota's then-current congressional and legislative districts. The plaintiffs' suit alleged Minnesota's then-present congressional and legislative districts, which were established by court order in 2012 following a state lawsuit, had become malapportioned due to significant population shifts throughout the decade in violation of the equal population requirements for congressional and legislative districts under Article I, ยง 2 and the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, respectively. The plaintiffs further claimed the ongoing and anticipated failure of the Minnesota legislature to equalize those districts' populations violated their constitutional and statutory duty to redistrict the state and would've led to the holding of 2022 elections under malapportioned districts, thereby violating Minnesota voters' constitutional right to equal representation. The plaintiffs sought a declaratory judgment that the state's then-current congressional and legislative districts were unconstitutional and injunctive relief barring the state officials from conducting primary or general elections until the districts were redrawn to comply with equal population requirements.

On March 22, 2021 the Minnesota Supreme Court granted the plaintiffs' request for the appointment of a special redistricting panel but ordered the case be stayed until it was determined that the judicial branch would have to intervene to assure valid redistricting plans were in place for the 2022 state legislative and congressional elections. On June 30, 2021 the Minnesota Supreme Court lifted the stay and appointed a special redistricting panel to handle the case.

On February 15, 2022 the special redistricting panel issued orders enjoining Minnesota's then-existing congressional and legislative districts from being used in the 2022 elections and adopting the court's own congressional and legislative plans for use in future primary and general elections.

Related Case: Sachs v. Simon


Minnesota District Court, Carver County - No. 10-cv-21-127

Minnesota Supreme Court - No. A21-0243 [together with Sachs v. Simon, No. A21-0546]