Louisiana

Overview

Louisiana Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.

The Legislature can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. Republicans currently have a veto-proof majority in the upper chamber. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in the lower chamber.

The Supreme Court of Louisiana inherits responsibility to draw legislative lines should the Legislature fail to enact them.

Source: La. Const. art. III, § 6.


Previous Redistricting Cycles

2010

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 6
      • Passed = April 13, 2011 (R-controlled)
      • Signed = April 14, 2011
      • Preclearance = Granted on August 1, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • Johnson v. Ardoin, No. 3:18-cv-625 (M.D. La. Oct. 13, 2020): A group of African-American Louisiana voters challenged the Legislature’s enacted congressional plan alleging vote dilution in violation of Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act. The case was dismissed by joint stipulation of all parties on October 13, 2020.
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1 (House); SB 1 (Senate)
      • Passed = April 11, 2011 (House); April 12, 2011 (Senate) (R-controlled)
      • Signed = April 14, 2011
      • Preclearance = Granted as to House plan on June 20, 2011 and as to Senate plan on June 28, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • None

2000

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 2
      • Passed = October 15, 2001 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = October 19, 2001
      • Preclearance = Granted on April 1, 2002
    • Litigation History
      • None
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1 (House); SB 1 (Senate)
      • Passed = October 12, 2001 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = October 16, 2001
      • Preclearance = Granted as to Senate plan on July 2, 2002; Denied as to House plan.
    • Revised House PlanHB 779
      • Passed = May 7, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = May 7, 2003
      • Preclearance = Granted on May 20, 2003
    • Revised Senate PlanSB 927
      • Passed = May 12, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = May 13, 2003
    • 2nd Revised House PlanHB 2011
      • Passed = June 3, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = June 3, 2003
    • 3rd Revised House PlanHB 910
      • Passed = June 15, 2004 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = June 25, 2004
    • Litigation History
      • None

Governor Bill Signing

If a bill is presented to the governor during session, the governor has 10 days to sign or veto it; otherwise, it becomes law without signature. If the bill is delivered to the governor during the last 10 days of the session, the governor must sign or veto it within 20 days of transmittal; otherwise, it becomes law. Sundays are not excluded in these calculations. Line-item vetoes are permitted.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Louisiana Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.

Source: La. Const. art. XIII.


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