On March 23, 2022 a group of Michigan voters filed a federal lawsuit against Michigan's Secretary of State and the Independent Citizens Redistricting Commission and its Commissioners challenging the state's adopted state Senate and state House redistricting plans as violating the U.S. Constitution and the federal Voting Rights Act. Plaintiffs' claims center around various legislative districts in and around Detroit, namely Senate districts 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 11, and House districts 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 26. First, they assert the plans violate Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act because they either eliminate or greatly diminish the majority-minority districts in those areas, thereby diluting the voting strength of Black voters. Second, they allege those districts are racial gerrymanders in violation of the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause because they were drawn with race as the predominant consideration and such use of race can not be justified by compliance with Section 2 because the districts fail to comply with that provision. They are seeking a judicial declaration that the legislative plans violate the Voting Rights Act and the U.S. Constitution and a court order requiring the state to either redraw those districts or adopt the plaintiffs' proposed remedy map. Alternatively, if the state fails to do either option by the court's deadline, they are requesting the court appoint a special master and draw legally compliant legislative districts on its own.

On December 21, 2023, the court found the Michigan Independent Citizens Redistricting Commission, acting at the direction of its consultants, violated the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution by diluting the votes of black voters.

Similar Case: Banerian v. Benson


U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan, Southern Division - No. 1:22-cv-272

Supreme Court of the United States - No. 23A641