Louisiana

Overview

Louisiana Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.

The Legislature can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. Republicans currently have a veto-proof majority in the upper chamber. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in the lower chamber.

The Supreme Court of Louisiana inherits responsibility to draw legislative lines should the Legislature fail to enact them.

Source: La. Const. art. III, § 6.


Previous Redistricting Cycles

2010

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 6
      • Passed = April 13, 2011 (R-controlled)
      • Signed = April 14, 2011
      • Preclearance = Granted on August 1, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • Johnson v. Ardoin, No. 3:18-cv-625 (M.D. La. Oct. 13, 2020): A group of African-American Louisiana voters challenged the Legislature’s enacted congressional plan alleging vote dilution in violation of Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act. The case was dismissed by joint stipulation of all parties on October 13, 2020.
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1 (House); SB 1 (Senate)
      • Passed = April 11, 2011 (House); April 12, 2011 (Senate) (R-controlled)
      • Signed = April 14, 2011
      • Preclearance = Granted as to House plan on June 20, 2011 and as to Senate plan on June 28, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • None

2000

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 2
      • Passed = October 15, 2001 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = October 19, 2001
      • Preclearance = Granted on April 1, 2002
    • Litigation History
      • None
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1 (House); SB 1 (Senate)
      • Passed = October 12, 2001 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = October 16, 2001
      • Preclearance = Granted as to Senate plan on July 2, 2002; Denied as to House plan.
    • Revised House PlanHB 779
      • Passed = May 7, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = May 7, 2003
      • Preclearance = Granted on May 20, 2003
    • Revised Senate PlanSB 927
      • Passed = May 12, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = May 13, 2003
    • 2nd Revised House PlanHB 2011
      • Passed = June 3, 2003 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = June 3, 2003
    • 3rd Revised House PlanHB 910
      • Passed = June 15, 2004 (D-controlled)
      • Signed = June 25, 2004
    • Litigation History
      • None

Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Louisiana Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.

Source: La. Const. art. XIII.


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