Congressional and Legislative
Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor cannot veto the plans.
Republicans currently have majorities in both chambers of the Legislature.
Challenges to the maps are litigated by a panel of three judges. The panel is composed of the senior Superior Court judge of Wake County and two State Superior Court judges named by the State Supreme Court’s Chief Justice. Judges appointed by the Chief Justice must be from different geographical areas. Appeals are made solely to the State Supreme Court. Members of the panel cannot be or have been state legislators.
If the panel strikes down a plan, the Legislature may attempt to enact new maps.
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the North Carolina Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.
Source: N.C. Const. art. II, §22; art. XIII.