Congressional and Legislative
Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor cannot veto the plans.
The Legislature can override a veto with a three-fifths vote. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in either chamber of the Legislature.
Challenges to the maps are litigated by a panel of three judges. The panel is composed of the senior Superior Court judge of Wake County and two State Superior Court judges named by the State Supreme Court’s Chief Justice. Judges appointed by the Chief Justice must be from different geographical areas. Appeals are made solely to the State Supreme Court. Members of the panel cannot be or have been state legislators.
If the panel strikes down a plan, the Legislature may attempt to enact new maps.
Source: N.C. Const. art. II, §§ 3-5. N.C. Stat. §§ 1-267.1, 120-2.4.
Ballot Measure Process
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the North Carolina Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.
Source: N.C. Const. art. II, §22; art. XIII.
In The News
- Population Growth Gives North Carolina a 14th US House Seat, AP (4/26/21)
- Get Ready for more Gerrymandering Suits in NC, Former Obama AG Holder Says in UNC Speech, The Charlotte Observer (2/19/21)
- What's Old is New: Redistricting will again be North Carolina's Big Issue in 2021, Blue Ridge Public Radio (1/4/21)
- House Speaker Backs More Transparent Redistricting Process, WRAL (11/16/20)
- Redistricting Power on the Ballot in NC General Assembly Elections, WRAL (10/23/20)
- Census Fight could have Big Implications for North Carolina's Political, Financial Future, The Fayetteville Observer (9/28/20)
- With Less than Two Weeks Left, N.C. Continues to Lag Behind Other State on Census Participation, Spectrum News (9/17/20)
- Split North Carolina Appeals Court Retains 2 Amendments, AP (9/15/20)
- Governor Roy Cooper Urges Extension to the Census Deadline, WNCT (8/24/20)
- Federal Appeals Court Rules North Carolina Gerrymandering Case Must be Heard in State Court, Jurist (4/17/20)
- Americans Continue to Vote With Their Feet Towards Low-Tax States, The Hill (3/3/20)