Florida

Overview

Florida Redistricting Process

Congressional

Congressional maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.

The Legislature can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in either chamber.

Legislative

Legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature and passed as a joint resolution. The Governor cannot veto the plans.

Passed legislative maps are sent to the state Supreme Court, where the plan is assessed to ensure its legality. If the Court does not approve the legislative maps, the Legislature gets one more chance to create a map. If the Legislature fails a second time, the state’s Attorney General instructs the Court to complete the maps. This process only applies to legislative lines.

Source: Fla. Const. art. III, §§ 16, 20, 21.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Initiatives and referendums are not permitted to amend statutes. Direct initiatives are permitted to amend the state Constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend the Constitution, but not statutes.

Single-Subject Rule
There is a single-subject rule, except for measures that limit the power of the government to tax.

Initiative Subject Restrictions
There are no initiative subject restrictions.

Signature Requirements
The signature requirement for constitutional amendments is 8% of the votes cast in each of one half of the congressional districts of the state, and of the state as a whole in the last preceding election in which presidential electors were chosen. Around 9,580,489 people voted in the 2016 General Election in Florida. 766,200 signatures statewide are required for constitutional amendments. Separate numbers are required for each district (8% of the votes cast in the last General Election for each district).

Submission Deadlines
Signatures must be verified by February 1 of the year they are to appear on the ballot (February 1, 2020).

Circulation Period
The circulation period for initiative petitions is two years.

Ballot Title and Summary
The Ballot Title and Summary are written by the proponent, subject to approval by the Secretary of State. Expedited reviews for Titles and Summaries are not permitted.

Other Requirements
A fiscal impact statement is required. To amend the Constitution, 60% of voters must approve the measure. The Legislature can repeal an approved measure through the normal process for amending the Constitution. A three-fifths supermajority vote from each chamber of the Legislature is required to send the amendment to voters. Initiatives are permitted on general election ballots, but not on primary, special, or odd-year election ballots.

Source: Fla. Const. art. XI. Fla. Stat. § 9.100.371 (2019). Florida Division of Elections Website


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