Congressional and Legislative
Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.
The Legislature can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in either chamber.
If the Legislature cannot enact a legislative plan, the five-member Legislative Redistricting Board of Texas is given the responsibility. The Board consists of the Lieutenant Governor, the Speaker of the Texas House, the Texas Attorney General, the Comptroller of Public Accounts, and the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
The Legislative Redistricting Board of Texas meets in Austin no less than 90 days after the adjournment of the regular session in a redistricting year. Before 60 days have passed since the first Board meeting, the Board draws new state legislative maps as the failure of action of the Texas Legislature makes necessary. The final redistricting plan is submitted in writing and must be signed by at least three Commissioners. It becomes law upon submission to the Secretary of State of Texas.
Source: Tex. Const. art. III, §§ 26, 28.
Ballot Measure Process
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Texas Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.
Source: Tex. Const. art. XVII.
In The News
- Republicans Kept their Grip on Texas Government in 2020. In 2021, they'll be Able to Tighten it, The Texas Tribune (11/13/20)
- Bill Filing for 2021 Texas Session Begins with Legislation on Abortion, Police Stops and Redistricting, The Texas Tribune (11/9/20)
- GOP Will Dominate Redistricting Battles with Victories in Texas, Bloomberg Government (11/4/20)
- Democrats' Hopes of Flipping Texas Again Fall Short as Republicans Dominate the State's 2020 Elections, The Texas Tribune (11/4/20)
- Lt. Governor Dan Patrick Appoints Birdwell to Senate Redistricting Committee, ltgov.texas.gov (10/20/20)
- Texas Census Advocates Worry Schedule Confusion Could Lead to Undercounting, NPR (10/2/20)
- With Time Running Out, Texas Abruptly Launches a $15 Million Ad Campaign Chasing an Accurate Census Count, The Texas Tribune (9/1/20)
- Billions of Dollars at Stake in 2020 Census as Houston Falls Behind, ABC 13 (9/1/20)
- 2020 Census 'Emergency' Threatens to Leave Out Communities of Color and Rural Americans, USA Today (8/16/20)
- Census Changes Could Take Political Power, Funding from Texas Latinos Already Hit Hard by COVID-19, KUT (8/11/20)
- Trump Plan in Allotting Congressional Seats Raises Alarm in Texas, Statesman (7/21/20)
- Census Fights Lagging Response Rates in Far West Texas Expanse, Border Report (7/6/20)
- Texans Can't Give Input Ahead Of Redistricting During The Pandemic. Groups Want That To Change, KUT (6/8/20)