Kentucky

Overview

Kentucky Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.

The Legislature can override a veto with a majority vote of all those elected. Republicans currently have veto-proof majorities in both chambers.

Challenges to the legislative maps are litigated in the Franklin Circuit Court.

Source: Ky. Const. art. IV, § 33. Ky. Stat. § 5.005.


Previous Redistricting Cycles

2010

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 302
      • Passed = February 10, 2012 (Split-control)
      • Signed = February 10, 2012
    • Litigation History
      • None
  • Legislative
    • Original PlanHB 1
      • Passed = January 19, 2012 (Split-control)
      • Signed = January 20, 2012
      • Invalidated by state court on February 7, 2012.
    • Litigation History
      • Legislative Research Comm’n v. Fischer, 366 S.W.3d 905 (Ky. 2012): The Kentucky Legislature’s first enacted legislative plans were challenged in state court, with plaintiffs alleging violations of the one person, one vote constitutional requirement and excessive splitting of counties in violation of the state constitution. The trial court struck down the plans on February 7, 2012, and on April 26, 2012, the Kentucky Supreme Court affirmed, finding that the plans were malapportioned and failed to sufficiently preserve counties. The court ordered that the plans be redrawn, and due to time constraints, that the legislative maps from the previous decade be used for the 2012 elections.
        • Revised PlansHB 1
          • Passed = August 23, 2013 (Split-control)
          • Signed = August 23, 2013
      • Brown v. Kentucky Legislative Research Comm’n, 966 F.Supp.2d 709 (E.D. Ky. 2013): Before the Legislature enacted its revised legislative plans, a group of Kentucky voters sued alleging that the 2002 legislative plans, which were used for the 2012 elections by court order, were now malapportioned due to population shifts. On August 16, 2013, the district court granted summary judgment for the plaintiffs after finding the 2002 legislative districts then is use to be unconstitutionally malapportioned and issued an injunction barring the General Assembly from falling back on those old maps for future elections.

2000

  • Congressional
    • Original PlanHB 1
      • Passed = January 31, 2002 (Split-control)
      • Signed = January 31, 2002
    • Litigation History
      • None
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1
      • Passed = January 31, 2002 (Split control)
      • Signed = January 31, 2002
    • Litigation History
      • None

Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Kentucky Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.

Source: Ky. Const. §§ 256-263.


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