Arizona

Overview

Arizona Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

The Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission draws the congressional and state legislative districts. The politically appointed five-member Commission has primary responsibility for reapportionment. The President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, and the minority leaders each select one commissioner from among ten democrat, ten republican, and five unaffiliated candidates nominated by the State Commission on Appellate Court Nominations. These four Commissioners are then responsible for choosing the fifth Commissioner, who must be a member of a different political party than the other Commissioners. If the four fail to select a fifth, the Commission on Appellate Court Appointments selects the fifth Commissioner. Of the first four Commissioners, no more than two shall reside in the same county. Each member shall be a registered Arizona voter who has been continuously registered with the same political party or registered as unaffiliated for three or more years immediately preceding appointment. Within the three years previous to appointment, members shall not have been appointed to, elected to, or a candidate for any other public office not including school board, and shall not have served as an officer of a political party, or served as a registered paid lobbyist or as an officer of a campaign committee.

The Redistricting Commission makes the first draft of the congressional and legislative maps available for public comment for a period of at least 30 days. During this period, both chambers of the Arizona Legislature may make recommendations to be considered by the Commission. The Commissioners then establish final district boundaries by a majority vote.

The Legislature determines the manner and the courts lawsuits may be brought against the state.

Source: Ariz. Const. art. IV, pt. II. § 1.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Direct initiatives and all referendums are permitted to amend statutes. Direct initiatives are permitted to amend the state constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend both statutes and the Constitution.

Single-Subject Rule
There is a single subject rule for constitutional amendments, but not for statutory initiatives.

Initiative Subject Restrictions
Referendums may not repeal laws "immediately necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or for the support and maintenance of the departments of the state government and state institutions."

Signature Requirements
The signature requirement for constitutional amendments is 15% of all votes cast for all candidates for governor in the previous general election, 10% for all other initiatives, and 5% for a veto referendum. 2,376,441 people voted for a candidate for governor in the 2018 General Election in Arizona, so 356,467 signatures are required for constitutional amendments, 237,645 signatures are required for any other initiative, and 118,823 signatures are required for a veto referendum.

Submission Deadlines
Initiative petitions must be submitted at least four months prior to the election in which the petition is to appear on the ballot (July 2, 2020). Referendums must be submitted within 90 days after the adjournment of the legislature.

Circulation Period
The circulation period for initiative petitions is 24 months.

Ballot Title and Summary
Proponents write the caption and the Secretary of State drafts the summary, subject to approval by the Attorney General. Expedited reviews for titles and summaries are not permitted.

Other Requirements
A fiscal impact statement is required. Circulators are required to be qualified to register to vote. There are no supermajority requirements. The Legislature cannot repeal an approved measure referring it to the people. The Legislature can only amend the approved measure if the change is in line with the aim of the measure and is approved by a three-fourths majority in the Legislature. Initiatives are permitted on general election ballots, but not on primary or special election ballots or odd-year ballots.

Source: Ariz. Const. art. IV, XXI. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 19 (2019). Arizona Secretary of State Website

Active Ballot Measures
  • Arizona Senate Concurrent Resolution 1018 (2020)
    • Status - Failed
    • Summary - This legislatively referred ballot measure sought to amend the Arizona Constitution to limit the population difference between the smallest and the largest districts in the state to 5,000 people.


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