Congressional and Legislative
The Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission draws the congressional and state legislative districts. The politically appointed five-member Commission has primary responsibility for reapportionment. The President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, and the minority leaders each select one commissioner from among ten democrat, ten republican, and five unaffiliated candidates nominated by the State Commission on Appellate Court Nominations. These four Commissioners are then responsible for choosing the fifth Commissioner, who must be a member of a different political party than the other Commissioners. If the four fail to select a fifth, the Commission on Appellate Court Appointments selects the fifth Commissioner. Of the first four Commissioners, no more than two shall reside in the same county. Each member shall be a registered Arizona voter who has been continuously registered with the same political party or registered as unaffiliated for three or more years immediately preceding appointment. Within the three years previous to appointment, members shall not have been appointed to, elected to, or a candidate for any other public office not including school board, and shall not have served as an officer of a political party, or served as a registered paid lobbyist or as an officer of a campaign committee.
The Redistricting Commission makes the first draft of the congressional and legislative maps available for public comment for a period of at least 30 days. During this period, both chambers of the Arizona Legislature may make recommendations to be considered by the Commission. The Commissioners then establish final district boundaries by a majority vote.
The Legislature determines the manner and the courts lawsuits may be brought against the state.
Source: Ariz. Const. art. IV, pt. II. § 1.
Ballot Measure Process
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Direct initiatives and all referendums are permitted to amend statutes. Direct initiatives are permitted to amend the state constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend both statutes and the Constitution.
There is a single subject rule for constitutional amendments, but not for statutory initiatives.
Initiative Subject Restrictions
Referendums may not repeal laws "immediately necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or for the support and maintenance of the departments of the state government and state institutions."
The signature requirement for constitutional amendments is 15% of all votes cast for all candidates for governor in the previous general election, 10% for all other initiatives, and 5% for a veto referendum. 2,376,441 people voted for a candidate for governor in the 2018 General Election in Arizona, so 356,467 signatures are required for constitutional amendments, 237,645 signatures are required for any other initiative, and 118,823 signatures are required for a veto referendum.
Initiative petitions must be submitted at least four months prior to the election in which the petition is to appear on the ballot (July 8, 2022). Referendums must be submitted within 90 days after the adjournment of the legislature.
The circulation period for initiative petitions is 24 months.
Ballot Title and Summary
Proponents write the caption and the Secretary of State drafts the summary, subject to approval by the Attorney General. Expedited reviews for titles and summaries are not permitted.
A fiscal impact statement is required. Circulators are required to be qualified to register to vote. There are no supermajority requirements. The Legislature cannot repeal an approved measure referring it to the people. The Legislature can only amend the approved measure if the change is in line with the aim of the measure and is approved by a three-fourths majority in the Legislature. Initiatives are permitted on general election ballots, but not on primary or special election ballots or odd-year ballots.
Source: Ariz. Const. art. IV, XXI. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 19 (2019). Arizona Secretary of State Website
In The News
- Redistricting Commission Hopes to Make the Most out of Census Data Delay, AZ Mirror (3/2/21)
- Redistricting Commission Hopes to Act Quickly on Staff while it Awaits Census Data, AZ Mirror (2/2/21)
- Psychologist Chosen to Chair Arizona Redistricting Panel, AP (1/21/21)
- Redistricting Commission Interviews Chair Candidates in First Meeting, AZ Mirror (1/14/21)
- Arizona Redistricting Commission to Hold its First Meeting, AP (1/13/21)
- Redistricting Commission will Meet to Choose Independent Chair, AZ Mirror (1/12/21)
- Arizona's 5th-Fastest Growth in Nation on Track to Net us another U.S. House Seat, Tucson.com (12/26/20)
- Census Figures Indicate AZ Gets 10th Seat in House, Arizona Capitol Times (12/23/20)
- Dems Challenge to Arizona Redistricting Panel List Rejected, AP (12/7/20)
- Legislative Leader Selects 4th Member of Redistricting Panel, AP (11/5/20)
- Democrats Lose Suit Over Arizona Redistricting Panel List, AP (10/30/20)
- First Democrat Named to Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission, AZ Mirror (10/29/20)
- Democrats' Suit Over Arizona Redistricting Nominees Lacks Merit, Other Side Argues, Tucson.com (10/29/20)
- Judge to Hear Arguments on Halting Redistricting Selection Process, AZ Mirror (10/26/20)
- Top Democrats Sue Over Arizona Redistricting Panel List, AP (10/23/20)
- House Speaker Makes 1st Pick for Arizona Redistricting Panel, AP (10/22/20)
- Flower Shop Owner Replaces History Teacher as Redistricting Panel Finalist, AZ Mirror (10/20/20)
- Arizona GOP Warns Against Republican Redistricting Applicant, AZ Mirror (10/20/20)
- Independent IRC Chair Candidate Withdraws from Consideration, AZ Mirror (10/15/20)
- Nominations for Redistricting Panel Lack Diversity, Democrats Allege, AZ Central (10/10/20)
- Screeners Nominate 25 for 5 Seats on Redistricting Panel, AP (10/10/20)
- Five Finalists to Lead Independent Redistricting Commission Chosen, AZ Mirror (10/8/20)
- Commission to Interview 11 Independent Chair Applicants, AZ Mirror (10/7/20)
- Two Independent Candidates for Redistricting Panel Support GOP Candidates, AZ Mirror (9/28/20)
- Census Efforts Enter Final Stretch in Hard-to-Count areas of Arizona's Border Counties, Arizona Republic (9/18/20)
- Commission Narrows Down List of Redistricting Applicants, AZ Mirror (9/17/20)
- Ducey, US Census Head Push for Complete Arizona Count, AP (9/17/20)
- Proposal would Extend Census Collection to Improve Native Headcounts, AZ Mirror (9/16/20)
- AZ Groups Work Overtime as Census 2020 Deadline Looms, Public News Service (9/16/20)
- Putting the 'Independent' in the Independent Redistricting Commission, AZ Mirror (9/15/20)
- Grassroots Groups Scrambling to Avoid Latino Census Undercount Amid COVID-19, Early Cutoff, Arizona Central (9/11/20)
- Judge Halts Plan to End Census Early, as Arizona, Tribal Responses Lag, Cronkite News (9/7/20)
- 2 Arizona Tribes Join Lawsuit Against U.S. Census Bureau for Plan to End Count Early, AZ Central (9/5/20)
- Arizona has One of the Lowest Census Response Rates in the Country, Arizona Public Media (9/1/20)
- Partisan Groups Laying the Groundwork to Shape Arizona Redistricting, AZ Mirror (8/26/20)
- Arizona in Danger of Census Undercount, AZ Family (8/25/20)
- Redistricting Push Underway for House, Legislature; Supervisors Next Summer, Green Valley News (8/24/20)
- 138 Apply for Redistricting Commission, Including Some Notable Names, AZ Mirror (8/21/20)
- Ducey Appoints 6 New Members to State Nominating Commission, AP (7/18/20)
- Independent Redistricting Commission Nominations, AZ Courts (7/13/20)
- Application Process Opens for Redistricting Commission, AZ Mirror (7/13/20)
- Arizona is Lagging the Nation in Census Counting - Billions of Dollars are on the Line, Arizona Republic (7/6/20)
- Arizona order to keep redistricting commission info secret, AP (4/11/20)
- Arizona Senate advances changes to redistricting process, AP (3/10/20)
- More states to use redistricting reforms after 2020 census, AP (3/5/20)
- Americans continue to vote with their feet towards low-tax states, The Hill (3/3/20)
- Senate OKs redistricting rules over Democratic objections, AP (2/24/20)