Hawaii

Overview

Hawaii Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

The Hawaii Reapportionment Commission draws the congressional and state legislative districts. It is a nine-member politically appointed commission. The Senate President and the House Speaker each name two Commissioners. The minority leaders each choose one of their members and those members each select two Commissioners. The ninth member, who serves as the chair, is chosen by the eight members within 30 days of their appointment by a vote of at least six. If the Commissioners cannot agree on a ninth member, the ninth member is selected by the state Supreme Court.

No more than 100 days after the members are selected, the commission must give public notice of a plan they have prepared and proposed. At least one public hearing on the proposed plan shall be held in each basic island unit. After the last public hearing, but no more than 150 days from the naming of the Commissioners, the members must send map plans for legislative and congressional districts to the Chief Election Officer. Maps are passed by a simple majority of Commissioners. These districts become law once the maps are published by the Chief Election Officer. Commissioners remain in office until their maps become law.

Changes to the maps are litigated in the State Supreme Court.

Source: Haw. Const. art. IV, §§ 2, 10. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 25-2.


Previous Redistricting Cycles

2020

  • Congressional
    • Commission’s Original Plan
      • Adopted = January 28, 2022
    • Litigation History
      • State of Hawaii ex rel. Connors v. 2021 Reapportionment Comm'n, No. SCPW-21-342 (Haw. Jul. 7, 2021): In June 2021, Hawaii's Attorney General, supported by the 2021 Reapportionment Commission, filed a petition with the Hawaii Supreme Court requesting an extension of the Commission’s constitutional and statutory redistricting deadlines on the grounds the delayed release of the 2020 Census redistricting data would cause the Commission to be unable to complete its redistricting processes by those dates. On July 7, 2021, the Hawaii Supreme Court granted the petition and issued a writ of mandamus extending the Commission's deadlines for proposed and final redistricting plans to January 8, 2022, and February 27, 2022, respectively.
  • Legislative
    • Commission’s Original Plan
      • Adopted = January 28, 2022
    • Litigation History
      • State of Hawaii ex rel. Connors v. 2021 Reapportionment Comm'n, No. SCPW-21-342 (Haw. Jul. 7, 2022): In June 2021, Hawaii's Attorney General, supported by the 2021 Reapportionment Commission, filed a petition with the Hawaii Supreme Court requesting an extension of the Commission’s constitutional and statutory redistricting deadlines on the grounds the delayed release of the 2020 Census redistricting data would cause the Commission to be unable to complete its redistricting processes by those dates. On July 7, 2021, the Hawaii Supreme Court granted the petition and issued a writ of mandamus extending the Commission's deadlines for proposed and final redistricting plans to January 8, 2022, and February 27, 2022, respectively.
      • Hicks v. 2021 Hawaii Reapportionment Comm'n, No. SCPW-22-78 (Haw. Mar. 16, 2022): On February 23, 2022, a group of Hawaiian voters filed a petition with the Hawaii Supreme Court challenging the 2021 Hawaii Reapportionment Commission's adopted legislative redistricting plan as violating various provisions of Hawaii's Constitution and state law. On March 16, the Court issued an order denying the petition and terminating its February 24 temporary injunction, stating an opinion would be forthcoming.

2010

  • Congressional
  • Legislative
    • Commission’s Original Plans
      • Adopted = September 26, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • Matsukawa v. State of Hawaii 2011 Reapportionment Comm’n, 126 Haw. 283 (Haw. 2012): Plaintiffs invoked the state Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction to challenge the commission’s filed legislative plans as violating the Hawaii Constitution. On January 4, 2012, the Hawaii Supreme Court issued an order striking down the adopted legislative plans on the grounds it failed to exclude non-permanent residents in the population base used for apportionment as is mandated by the Hawaii Constitution, and ordered the Commission to adopt a new plan.
      • Kostick v. Nago, 960 F.Supp.2d 1074 (D. Haw. 2013): Plaintiffs challenged the commission’s remedial legislative plan on the grounds the use of a permanent resident only basis for reapportionment violated the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause. On July 11, 2013, the U.S. District Court for the District of Hawaii ruled in favor of the defendants, finding that apportionment based upon permanent residents only was constitutional and that the plan’s population deviations were permissible.

2000


Governor Bill Signing

If a bill is presented to the governor during session, the governor has 10 days to sign or veto it; otherwise, it becomes law without signature. If the bill is delivered to the governor during the last 10 days of the session, the governor must veto it within 35 days of adjournment or sign or return it within 45 days of adjournment; otherwise, it becomes law. Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, and any legislature recess days prior to adjournment are excluded in these calculations. Line-item vetoes are permitted.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Hawaii Legislature may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.

Source: Haw. Const. art. XVII.


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