Congressional and Legislative
Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the General Assembly. The Governor can veto the plans.
The General Assembly can override a veto with a two-thirds vote of the membership of each house of the General Assembly. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in either chambers.
If the General Assembly is unable to enact a plan, a nine-member backup commission, the Connecticut Reapportionment Commission, is set up. The Commissioners are appointed by the President pro tempore of the Connecticut Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Connecticut, the Minority Leader of the Connecticut Senate and the Minority Leader of the Connecticut House, who each designate two Commission members unless there are more than two parties in the Connecticut Senate or House. If any third political party is represented in either legislative chamber, all third-party members select one individual to name two Commissioners instead of those chosen by the Minority Leader of the Connecticut House. The eight Commission members have 30 days to select an elector of the state, a resident of more than 18 years, to be the ninth member.
The Commission submits its redistricting plan to the Secretary of the State by November 30 of the same year the Commission begins. Maps are passed by a simple majority. The Secretary publishes the Commission’s plan which becomes law. If the Commission does not submit its plan in time, the Secretary is responsible for notifying the Chief Justice of the State Supreme Court and the Court becomes responsible for drawing the state’s maps.
Challenges to the maps are litigated in the State Supreme Court.
Source: Conn. Const. amend. arts. XXVI, XXX.
Previous Redistricting Cycles
- Connecticut Supreme Court Plan
- Adopted = February 10, 2012 (General Assembly failed; Backup Commission failed; state Supreme Court assumed redistricting responsibility)
- Litigation History
- In re Petition of Reapportionment Comm’n, 36 A.3d 661 (Conn. 2012): After the General Assembly and Backup Commission both failed to pass a congressional plan, the Connecticut Supreme Court assumed redistricting authority and adopted a final congressional map drawn by the court-appointed special master on February 10, 2012.
- Backup Commission’s Plans
- Adopted = November 30, 2011 (General Assembly failed)
- Litigation History
- NAACP v. Merrill, No. 3:18-cv-1094 (D. Conn. Apr. 16, 2020): On June 28, 2018, a group of Connecticut voters and the NAACP filed a federal lawsuit challenging Connecticut’s legislative plans as violating the one person, one vote requirement of the 14th Amendment on the grounds it utilized prison gerrymandering. The court granted the parties’ voluntarily dismissal of the action on April 16, 2020.
Ballot Measure Process
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Connecticut General Assembly may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.
Source: Conn. Const. art. XII.
In The News
- Final Map Is Closer To Democratic Proposal, CT News Junkie (1/19/22)
- Special Master Asks Democrats, Republicans to Seek Congressional Map Compromise, The CT Mirror (1/10/22)
- Republicans Balk at Court’s Choice for Redistricting Expert, AP (12/24/21)
- Connecticut Reaches an Impasse on Congressional Reapportionment, WSHU (12/22/21)
- Redistricting Commission Given Until Dec. 21 to Finish Work, AP (12/10/21)
- Bipartisan Connecticut Senate Redistricting Plan Approved, AP (11/23/21)
- Bipartisan Redistricting Plan for Connecticut House Approved, AP (11/18/21)
- Redistricting Committee, Delayed, Prepares for ‘Sprint’, CTNewsJunkie (8/3/21)
- New Connecticut Law Abolishes Prison Gerrymandering, Patch (5/27/21)
- Senate Votes to End Prison Gerrymandering, The CT Mirror (5/5/21)
- Bill would Change how Inmates are Counted for Redistricting, AP (3/10/21)
- Connecticut's Redistricting Could Be Squeezed By COVID-19, CT Mirror (5/27/20)
- NAACP withdraws prison gerrymandering lawsuit, AP (4/21/20)