Connecticut Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the General Assembly. The Governor can veto the plans.

The General Assembly can override a veto with a two-thirds vote of the membership of each house of the General Assembly. No party currently has a veto-proof majority in either chamber.

If the General Assembly is unable to enact a plan, a nine-member backup commission, the Connecticut Reapportionment Commission, is set up. The Commissioners are appointed by the President pro tempore of the Connecticut Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Connecticut, the Minority Leader of the Connecticut Senate and the Minority Leader of the Connecticut House, who each designate two Commission members unless there are more than two parties in the Connecticut Senate or House. If any third political party is represented in either legislative chamber, all third-party members select one individual to name two Commissioners instead of those chosen by the Minority Leader of the Connecticut House. The eight Commission members have 30 days to select an elector of the state, a resident of more than 18 years, to be the ninth member.

The Commission submits its redistricting plan to the Secretary of the State by November 30 of the same year the Commission begins. Maps are passed by a simple majority. The Secretary publishes the Commission’s plan which becomes law. If the Commission does not submit its plan in time, the Secretary is responsible for notifying the Chief Justice of the State Supreme Court and the Court becomes responsible for drawing the state’s maps.

Challenges to the maps are litigated in the State Supreme Court.

Source: Conn. Const. amend. arts. XXVI, XXX.

Previous Redistricting Cycles


  • Congressional
    • Connecticut Supreme Court’s Plan
      • Adopted = February 10, 2012
    • Litigation History
      • Ex rel. Petition of Reapportionment Comm'n, No. S.C. 20661 (Conn. Feb. 10, 2022): After the Connecticut General Assembly failed to enact a congressional redistricting plan by its deadline, map drawing authority passed to the Connecticut Reapportionment Commission. After the Commission failed to adopt a final plan by its deadline, it filed a petition with the Connecticut Supreme Court on December 2, 2021, seeking an extension of time to allow them to complete their congressional redistricting process. The Court granted the extension, but after the Commission again failed to adopt a plan by its new deadline, the Court appointed a special master on December 23, 2021. On February 10, 2022, the Connecticut Supreme Court issued an order adopting the Special Master's proposed congressional plan and directing that the plan be filed with the Secretary of State, thereby ending the case.
  • Legislative


  • Congressional
    • Connecticut Supreme Court Plan
      • Adopted = February 10, 2012 (General Assembly failed; Backup Commission failed; state Supreme Court assumed redistricting responsibility)
    • Litigation History
      • In re Petition of Reapportionment Comm’n, 36 A.3d 661 (Conn. 2012): After the General Assembly and Backup Commission both failed to pass a congressional plan, the Connecticut Supreme Court assumed redistricting authority and adopted a final congressional map drawn by the court-appointed special master on February 10, 2012.
  • Legislative
    • Backup Commission’s Plans
      • Adopted = November 30, 2011 (General Assembly failed)
    • Litigation History
      • NAACP v. Merrill, No. 3:18-cv-1094 (D. Conn. Apr. 16, 2020): On June 28, 2018, a group of Connecticut voters and the NAACP filed a federal lawsuit challenging Connecticut’s legislative plans as violating the one person, one vote requirement of the 14th Amendment on the grounds it utilized prison gerrymandering. The court granted the parties’ voluntarily dismissal of the action on April 16, 2020.


Governor Bill Signing

If a bill is presented to the governor during session, the governor has 5 days to sign or veto it; otherwise, it becomes law without signature. If the bill is delivered to the governor after the session, the governor must sign or veto it within 15 days of session adjournment; otherwise, it becomes law. Sundays and holidays are excluded in these calculations. Line-item vetoes are permitted.

Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Connecticut General Assembly may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.

Source: Conn. Const. art. XII.

In The News

Privacy Policy    |     Terms of Service
Copyright ©2022