Maryland

Overview

Maryland Redistricting Process

Congressional

Congressional maps are enacted by the State General Assembly. The Governor may propose a congressional plan to the General Assembly. The Governor can veto a plan adopted by the General Assembly.

The General Assembly can override a veto with a three-fifths vote. Democrats currently have veto-proof majorities in both chambers.

Challenges to the maps are litigated in the Maryland Court of Appeals.

Legislative

The Governor sends a plan for legislative districts to the General Assembly at the start of the session after holding at least one public hearing. The original map becomes law if the General Assembly fails to enact its own plan within 45 days. The Governor can veto a plan adopted by the General Assembly.

The General Assembly can override a veto with a three-fifths vote. Democrats currently have veto-proof majorities in both chambers.

Challenges to the maps are litigated in the Maryland Court of Appeals.

Source: Md. Const. art. III, § 5.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Initiatives are not permitted to amend statutes, but referendums are permitted. Initiatives are not permitted to amend the state Constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend both statutes and the Constitution.

Single-Subject Rule
There is not a single-subject rule.

Initiative Subject Restrictions
May not impact a law making any appropriation for maintaining the State Government, or for maintaining or aiding any public institution, not exceeding the next previous appropriation for the same purpose.

Signature Requirements
The signature requirement for veto referendums is 3% of all votes cast for all candidates for governor in the previous gubernatorial election. 2,304,512 people voted for a candidate for governor in the 2018 General Election in Maryland, so 69,135 signatures are required for veto referendums. Proponents cannot collect more than half of their signatures in a single county or Baltimore city.

Submission Deadlines
Unless a bill is approved by a three-fifths supermajority in the General Assembly and labeled as an emergency bill, all bills passed by the General Assembly go into effect on the first day of June in the year following the legislative session in which the bill was passed. For emergency bills or bills passed less than 45 days before June 1, referendum petitioners have until 30 days after the bill is passed by the General Assembly to turn in the first one-third of required signatures. If this is accomplished, they have 30 more days to collect and submit the remaining two-thirds of the signatures.

Ballot Title and Summary
The Ballot Title and Summary are written by the Secretary of State.

Other Requirements
A fiscal impact statement is not required. There are no circulator restrictions. There are no supermajority requirements.

Source: Md. Const. art. XVI. Maryland State Board of Elections Website


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