Idaho

Overview

Idaho Redistricting Process

Congressional and Legislative

Idaho’s Citizen Commission for Reapportionment draws the congressional and state legislative districts. It is a six-member politically appointed commission. The party leaders in the Idaho House and Senate and the state chairman of the two political parties which received the most votes for Governor in the most recent election, each select one Commissioner. The appointers must select their members within 15 days of the order to create the Commission or the Idaho Supreme Court inherits the responsibility. Commissioners cannot be an elected or appointed official in the state at the time of their appointment.

90 days after the Commission’s establishment or the necessary census data is available, whichever comes later, the Commission must send the Secretary of State its proposed apportionment maps. Two-thirds of the Commissioners must approve a map for it to be enacted. The public must have access to any and all deliberations of the Commission, and the Commission must hold meetings in different locations around the state to maximize the chance for public participation.

Challenges to the maps are litigated in the State Supreme Court.

Source: Idaho Const. art. III, § 2. Idaho Code § 72-1505.


Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Direct initiatives and referendums are permitted to amend statutes. Initiatives are not permitted to amend the state Constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend both statutes and the Constitution.

Single-Subject Rule
There is no single-subject rule.

Initiative Subject Restrictions
There are no initiative subject restrictions.

Signature Requirements
20 preliminary signatures are required.

The signature requirement for statutory initiatives and veto referendums is 6% of the qualified electors at the time of the last general election in each of at least 18 legislative districts; provided however, the total number of signatures shall be equal to or greater than 6% of the qualified electors of the state at the time of the last general election. At the time of the 2018 General Election in Idaho, there were 917,612 qualified electors, so 55,057 signatures are required for initiatives and referendums. Legislative district information can be found here.

Submission Deadlines
Initiative petitions must be submitted to the appropriate County Clerk by May 1 of the year the petition is to be on the ballot. These petitions must be submitted to the Secretary of State four months prior to the election in which the petition is to appear on the ballot (July 3, 2020; delayed to July 6, 2020 due to the holiday). Referendums must be submitted no more than 60 days after the end of the legislative session.

Circulation Period
The circulation period for initiative petitions is 18 months. No signatures may be collected after the end of April in the year in which the petition is to appear on the ballot (April 30, 2020).

Ballot Title and Summary
The Ballot Title and Summary are written by the Attorney General and Secretary of State. Expedited reviews for Titles and Summaries are permitted.

Other Requirements
A fiscal impact statement is not required. Circulators are required to be at least 18 years old and a resident of the state. There are no supermajority requirements. Initiatives are permitted on general election ballots, but not on primary, special or odd-year election ballots.

Source: Idaho Const. art. III, §1. Idaho Code § 34-18 (2019). Idaho Secretary of State’s Office Website


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