Congressional and Legislative
Congressional and legislative maps are enacted by the State General Assembly. The Governor can veto the plans.
The General Assembly can override a veto with a three-fifths vote. Democrats currently have veto-proof majorities in both chambers.
Rhode Island is projected to become an at-large state following the 2020 reapportionment and will therefore have only one congressional seat.
The Rhode Island Special Commission on Reapportionment forms if the General Assembly cannot enact a plan. For the 18-member commission, the Speaker of the House selects four members from within the House, the Minority Leader of the House selects two from within the House, the President of the Senate selects four members from within the Senate, the Minority Leader of the Senate selects two members from within the Senate, and the two majority leaders of each branch of the General Assembly each name three members from the general populace.
The Commission submits a reapportionment act to the General Assembly no later than January 15 of a year ending in two. This act must include maps for the Rhode Island General Assembly and the U.S. Congress. The Commission’s proceedings are subject to state open meeting and public access laws. The Commission must conduct public hearings prior to the issuance of its findings and recommendations, and members of the public must have access to the technical software used for district mapping in a location determined by the State House during reasonable business hours.
Kinds of Ballot Measures
Only the Rhode Island General Assembly may refer amendments to the ballot. There is no initiative or referendum process.
Source: R.I. Const. art. XIV.