North Dakota


North Dakota Redistricting Process


As of the 2020 U.S. Census, North Dakota only has one at-large congressional district.


Legislative maps are enacted by the State Legislature. The Governor can veto the plans.

The Legislature can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. Republicans currently have veto-proof majorities in both chambers.

Source: N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2.

Previous Redistricting Cycles


  • Congressional
    • N/A (at-large)
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansHB 1473
      • Passed = November 9, 2011 (R-controlled)
      • Signed = November 9, 2011
    • Litigation History
      • None


  • Congressional
    • N/A (At-large)
  • Legislative
    • Original PlansSB 2456
      • Passed = November 30, 2001 (R-controlled)
      • Signed = November 30, 2001
    • Litigation History
      • None

Governor Bill Signing

If a bill is presented to the governor during session, the governor has 3 days to sign or veto it; otherwise, it becomes law without signature. If the bill is delivered to the governor during the last 3 days of the session, the governor must sign or veto it within 15 days of transmittal; otherwise, it becomes law. Saturdays and Sundays are excluded in these calculations. Line-item vetoes are permitted.

Ballot Measure Process

Kinds of Ballot Measures
Direct initiatives and all referendums are permitted to amend statutes. Direct initiatives are permitted to amend the state constitution. Legislatively initiated ballot measures may amend both statutes and the constitution.

Single-Subject Rule
There is not a single-subject rule.

Initiative Subject Restrictions
Initiatives may not contain emergency measures, or appropriations for support and maintenance of state departments and institutions.

Signature Requirements
25 preliminary signatures are required.

The signature requirement for constitutional amendments is 4% of the total population of the state at the last national census, 2% for statutory amendments, and 2% for veto referendums. As of the 2010 Census, the population of North Dakota was 672,591, so 26,904 signatures are required for constitutional amendments, and 13,452 signatures are required for statutory amendments and referendums.

Submission Deadlines
Initiative petitions for statutes and constitutional amendments must be submitted no less than 120 days prior to the election in which the petition is to appear on the ballot (July 11, 2022). Referendums must be submitted within 90 days after the filing of the measure with the Secretary of State.

Circulation Period
The circulation period for initiative petitions in one year.

Ballot Title and Summary
A brief summary is drafted by the Secretary of State, subject to approval by the Attorney General. Expedited reviews for titles and summaries are not permitted.

Other Requirements
A fiscal impact statement is required. Circulators must be at least 18 years of age and be an elector of the state. There are no supermajority requirements. The Legislative Assembly cannot amend or repeal an approved initiative for seven years following its approval unless two-thirds of the Legislative Assembly votes in favor. Initiatives are permitted on general, primary, and special election ballots, but not on odd-year ballots.

Source: N.D. Const. art. III. N.D. Cent. Code, § 16.1-1 (2019). North Dakota Secretary of State Website

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